Scientific Papers

On this page are posted published scientific and academic papers that relate to the zirconium value chain.   These are notified to us, found on the internet, etc.


Fiber reinforced concrete 
 From: Concrete: micro-structures, properties, and materials (P.K. Mehta, Paulo J.M. Monteiro)

Alkail Resistant (AR) Glass Fiber for GFRC and Fiber-reinforced concrete and cement
 ASTM Standard C1666/C1666M-08  


Corrosion protection of steel using nano ceramic particles coating
MSc thesis, University of Technology, Iraq


Naturally-occurring radioactive materials and regulatory challenges to the zircon industry
Keven Harlow, ZIA

The influence of trash minerals and conglomerate particles on spiral separation performance
J.D. Grobler and J.H. Zietsman, Exxaro Metallurgical Services

Characterization of thin coatings on heavy minerals, with application to surface cleaning technologies
A. Walliser and J. Grobler, Exxaro Metallurgical Services

Development of an enhanced heavy mineral spiral
C. Ramotsabi, Multotec Process Equipment

Fine chrome beneficiation and reverse PGM upgrade of existing slimes with vertical ring WHIMS technology
W.P. Slabbert, Multotec Process Equipment

Crude TiCl4 purification: a review of the current state of the art and future opportunities
L. Hockaday and A. Kale, Mintek

The thermodynamic potential and reaction kinetics of synthetic rutile and other feedstocks during chlorination
H. Kotzé, N. Bernard, A.a Kale and T. Kekana

Monitoring lining wear on submerged arc furnaces
P. Schmidt, M. Hopf, and D. Zeelie

Environment-friendly harvesting of heavy mineral deposits in India
V. Subramanian, V. Velmurugan, and C. Swamydas, V.V. Mineral

Design, construction, and commissioning of a heavy mineral sands concentrator pilot plant
D. Nel, Hatch Africa (Pty) Ltd

Sillimanite production from placer deposits: a new process
C. Swamydas, A.D. Rajarethnam, and V. Velmurugan, V.V. Mineral

Measurement of the variability of mineral band position on gravity spiral concentrator with a view to process control
H.S. Baloyi, A.M. Russell, and D.N.C. Phillpotts, Mintek

Prereduction and DC open-arc smelting of carbon-based ilmenite pellets
K. Bisaka, I. Thobadi, and X. Goso, Pyrometallurgy Division, Mintek

Online elemental analysis of rutile and zircon concentrates from mineral sands
L. Koresaar ,Outotec

A case study of geotechnical characterization and 3D modelling of the biologically cemented Mandena heavy mineral sand deposit
L.I. Boshoff, A.H. Bracken, and F. Hees

Gold and associated industrial heavy minerals in the Icy Cape District: White River to Icy Cape, Alaska, USA
K. Eden, A.E. Grosz, J.E. Grosz, C.J. Giles, and J.Y. Foley

Mineralogical, geochemical, and processing characteristics of heavy minerals sand deposits of Bangladesh and their commercial aspects
E. Akon, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Mineralogical, geochemical, and processing characteristics of heavy minerals sand deposits of Bangladesh and their commercial aspects
P. de Kock, F. Hees and A. Louw

Mine rehabilitation using Eucalyptus at the Tronox KZN Sands Hillendale mine
C. Smith, B. Cocks, J. Beukes, and M. Vlok

The effect of net positive suction head (NPSH) on pump and stacker cyclone performance
J.D. Singleton and L. Sarisar, Weir Minerals

Rare earths: applications, mineral resources, thorium, and the balance problem
D. Kennedy and T. Blench

Solid-state reduction of an ilmenite concentrate with carbon
A. Bhalla, C.S. Kucukkaragoz, and R.H. Eric

In-depth characterization and preliminary beneficiation studies of heavy minerals from beach sands in Brazil
C. C. Gonçalves and P.F.A. Braga

Making test work dollars count
G. Diener, S. Gilman, E. Williams, and G. Williams, TZ Minerals International

Review of titanium feedstock selection for fluidized bed chlorinators
A. Kale and K. Bisaka, Pyrometallurgy Division, Mintek